Reducing prescribing errors and improving patient safety requires a collaborative effort from all stakeholders, policy makers, healthcare systems, educators and technology companies. BPS Assessment works with all stakeholders to address the problems and deliver improvements in prescribing knowledge and practice.

Below are some reference items and documents we hope you will find helpful. We continue to grow our library of resources so please feel free to contact us with any additional information and materials that could support the understanding and delivery of safer prescribing.

1. Prevalence and economic burden of medication errors in the NHS in England


A rapid synthesis of the evidence and economic analysis of the prevalence and burden of medication errors in the UK.

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2. The third Global Patient Safety Challenge Medication Without Harm

by WHO

Globally, the cost associated with medication errors has been estimated at US$ 42 billion annually. the challenge to reduce the level of severe, avoidable harm related to medications by 50% over 5 years, globally.

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3. Prescribing Safety Assessment 2016: Delivery of a national prescribing assessment to 7343 UK final-year medical students

by Professor Simon Maxwell

The prescribing safety assessment (PSA) has been developed as an assessment of competence in relation to prescribing and supervising the use of medicines. This report describes the delivery of the PSA to all UK final-year medical students in 2016 (PSA2016).

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4. Undergraduate preparation for prescribing: the views of 2413 UK medical students and recent graduates

by Amy Heaton, David J Webb & Simon Maxwell

A study to gather opinions from UK medical students and recent graduates about their undergraduate training to prescribe and their confidence about meeting the relevant competencies identified by the General Medical Council (GMC).

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5. Prescribing Safety Assessment, a short review of its relationship to the Prescribing Competency Framework

by Professor Simon Maxwell

The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) is an online assessment of competency in the safe and effective use of medicines. This study looks at how the PSA alignes to meet the requirments of the Prescribing Competency Framework.

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6. A Competency Framework for all Prescribers

by the Royal Pharmacutical Society

A single prescribing competency framework was published by the National Prescribing Centre/National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) in 2012. NICE and Health Education England approached the Royal Pharmaceutical Society (RPS) to manage the update of the framework on behalf of all the prescribing professions in the UK.

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